Changsin / Sungin, located around the perimeter of the Seoul City Wall, is the only area to be designated as an urban regeneration priority region by the Seoul Metropolitan Government in 2014. The “Changsin / Sungin Regeneration Coop.,” the CRC (Community Regeneration Cooperation) was first established in South Korea. Core facilities of the 25 regeneration projects, including the 12 pickup projects and the central government cooperation projects, are coming to realization. A variety of facilities such as the Paik Nam June Memorial Museum, Sewing History Museum, Sanmaru Playground, and the Community Center are receiving growing attention from residents of Changsin / Sungin-dong.
Garibong-dong was the heart of the industrialization of South Korea and the village that had once been the most prosperous area of Guro-gu. It was used as a living place for various types of men such as factory workers who had built the site even before the construction of the industrial complex, workers who came to Seoul from rural areas to feed their families, and ethnic Koreans in China and Chinese workers who came to carry out their Korean Dream. However, since the 1990s, the area has undergone industrial decline. It gained designation as an urban environment redevelopment zone, determination of redevelopment promotion zone, and cancellation of designation of the Newtown area. In September of 2014, it was finally selected to be part of the urban regeneration zone in Seoul and is in progress under the resident’s lead as a resident driven type of urban regeneration.
Located at the foot of Nam Mountain, Haebangchon is a village that was formed after the liberation of the Korean Peninsula in 1945, and refugees from the North went into temporary settlements after the Korean War in 1950. The knitting and sewing industries that flourished through the industrialization process in the 1970s decayed when industrial mechanization took place in the 1980s. After a long period of stagnation, Haebangchon was designated a Seoul-style urban regeneration priority zone by the Seoul MetropolitanGovernment in 2015. Under the title "First Village under Nam Mountain, Haebangchon,” the urban regeneration projects began. Recently, the government has added vitality to the region through major projects such as creating a theme street in Haebangchon, creating community-based facilities for residents, and revitalizing Sinheung Traditional Market.
Seongsu-dong area was a representative semi-industrial area in the northeast region that continuously created jobs for the past sixty years and has driven Seoul’s economic growth in the past. The region is now home to small manufacturers related to hand-made shoes. Conflicts are occurring due to the mix of function between housing and industry. The decline of the regional economy, weakening of industrial competitiveness, and poor housing conditions began to accelerate. It was evaluated as an area that needed to be revitalized through comprehensive measures. It was selected as a pilot project area for urban regeneration in late 2014. The measures aimed to boost local industry and improve the residential environment by operating urban regeneration support centers, implementing public recruitment projects for residents, and building anchor facilities such as a Sangsaeng city center and a sharing center (in progress).
Sinchon, once a prominent college town and a major commercial district in Gangbuk, began to decline in the 2000s due to the infiltration of large commercial capital and gentrification. In order to change this, young cultural artists led by graduates of Yonsei University, began to act together to revive Sinchon. In addition, there has been a move to revitalize the area with the its designation as a Seoul-style urban regeneration priority zone by the Seoul Metropolitan Government in late 2014. It has recently become a center for youth startups and cultural / artistic activities through the opening of a hub space called “Parangkore” and the opening of newly remodeled Changchun Culture Park where young people, college students, and artists are able to gather and interact.
Amsa 1-dong is a typical low-rise residential area where low-rise houses are mainly built instead of huge apartment complexes or large buildings. “Sangsang Naru Rae,” located here, is an anchor facility for urban regeneration that opened in February, 2019. It is a space that residents want to run themselves. Through several workshops on space planning and operation planning, all floor-by-floor uses, rules of operation, building names, and space names were decided by the residents and selected through open recruitment. The proceeds generated are set aside as village funds to be used for the community.
Jangwi-dong was originally designated as a redevelopment promotion zone during the Newtown fever in 2005, but the project was eventually canceled in 2014 due to worsening economic conditions and cost problems. In accordance with the cancellation of designation of the Newtown area, the residents of Jangwi-dong selected urban regeneration projects as a way to find a new direction and carried out projects such as the establishment of community regeneration cooperation, improvement of residential environment, strengthening communication with residents, opening of theme alley roads, and opening of a base facility to restore the vitality of the village. Recently, Jangwi-dong was constructed with cultural and welfare facilities such as Kim Jung-eop House of Architecture and Happiness Complex Center and a new regenerated alley, like the Persimmon Tree Alley.
Sangdo 4-dong is a typical low-rise residential area and is an old town with a high proportion of old buildings and elderly people. In order to solve this problem, Sangdo 4-dong was designated as the Seoul-style urban regeneration priority zone by the Seoul Metropolitan Government in December 2014. A community regeneration cooperation (CRC) was established in the following year, and the CRC changed its name to “Sang 4-Rang” in early 2019 to establish profit-making business through projects such as the property environment beautification project. The CRC places the value of its activities on contributing, vitalizing, and giving back to the community with the goal of a village company only for residents. Also, the CRC was recently selected by the Seoul Metropolitan Government as an urban regeneration cooperation and is operating an anchor facility “Sangdo Connect Center” as the main player for the urban regeneration project.